History of Audenshaw reservoirs
through newspaper articles and adverts.
Spanning years 1874 to 2009.
Includes coverage of Denton reservoirs,  the Longdendale, Thirlmere, Haweswater & Ullswater schemes


The London Gazette Friday 20 November 1874 In Parliament -Session 1875.

Notice by Manchester corporation for application to parliament for the Manchester Corporation Waterworks and Improvement act
(year and chapter: 38 & 39 Vice. c.clxi) which includes definition of unto 5 reservoirs in Audenshaw with associated culverts and pipe work. Includes diverting Dodge leach brook which marks the Audenshaw Denton boundary, through location, dimension's and shape.

The Guardian Friday 20 November 1874, Page 3 In Parliament-Session 1875.

Same as London Gazette above.

The Manchester Evening News Thursday 30 September 1875, Page 2, col 5 MANCHESTER CITY COUNCIL.

The Manchester Corporation Waterworks and Improvement act 1875 has just received the royal assent. Also noted new town hall being fitted out.

The Guardian Wednesday 31 January 1877, Page 6  THE WATER SUPPLY OF MANCHESTER

Completion of the Longdendale works article, started 28 years earlier with brief description and costs. Also mentions
plans for 5 new reservoirs at Gorton (i.e. Audenshaw) and cleaning up Gorton reservoir which has been made useless by local pollution and to prevent future fouling with a watercourse (probably culvert feeding into Gore brook from near Dean head traveling to Gorton). Contracts for the new roads in Audenshaw have been struck a few weeks earlier.

The Guardian Thursday 26 April 1877, Page 1 CONTRACTs - MANCHESTER CORPORATION WATERWORKS

Classified advert from Manchester corp waterworks  "Tender for Reservoirs at Denton" consists of 3 storage reservoirs (Audenshaw) by town clerk in March. Includes earthworks and drains from 18" to 4ft diameter. Also pipework 40" and 36". Plans & drawings cost 3 guineas.
Following advert "Tender for Valves and Sluices" (about 30) at Denton to fit 36" pipes, plans cost 1 guinea. Deadline for both is 12th May 1877.

The Guardian Wednesday 31 October 1877, Page 6  THE THIRLMERE WATER SCHEME.

Description of the Thirlmere scheme from information provided by the waterworks committee including quantities and build costs. Audenshaw reservoirs are sanctioned by the 1875 act and are currently under construction but in 10 years time, water demand will outstrip capacity.

The London Gazette Friday 23 November 1877 In Parliament - Session 1878.

Notice by Manchester corporation for application to parliament for the Manchester Corporation Waterworks (New Works for the Supply of Water from Lake Thirlmere) which outlines powers needed to build Thirlmere reservoir, aqueduct and associated pipe work.

The Guardian Thursday 14 February 1878, Page 6  MANCHESTER CITY COUNCIL

Article including coverage of the annual report of the Waterworks committee. 3 New reservoirs (not 5 as stated in the 1875 act) with Messrs Benton and Woodiwiss appointed as contractors. The sewerage culvert round Gorton reservoir (flowing into Gore brook) is in progress including work done passing below the Stockport branch canal during May 1877 and foundations for the aqueducts across Gorton reservoir laid. Also includes table of estimated water revenue.

The Guardian Thursday 07 March 1878, Page 5  THE MANCHESTER CORPORATION WATER BILL

Coverage of yesterdays Parliamentary select committee into the water Bill covering the Thirlmere scheme. Council owns 372 acres of land at Denton for water use. It questions the councils legal power derived from various acts and covers geological difficulties found building reservoirs in the Longdendale valley causing leaks. In the 1840's, Manchester and Salford Waterworks had been getting water from sandstone wells, neighbouring Ashton and also the Peak Forest canal.

The Manchester Guardian Thursday 22 August 1878, Page 1  THE MANCHESTER CORPORATION WATER WORKS

Classified advert Tender for the construction and completion of 3000ft of culverts and drains round Gorton res. from 3ft to 8ft diameter, removing 90,000 cubic yards of earth. Plans & drawings cost 3 guineas with a closing date of 16th September.

The Manchester Courier Monday 26 August 1878, Page 1  Contracts - MANCHESTER CORPORATION WATER WORKS

Same as Manchester Guardian above - probably related to the Dean head brook plus other streams and is the pipeline going through Gorton lower and upper res. Adverts below this for Ashton-under-lyne, Stalybridge and Dukinfield waterworks show John Bateman was also engineer for these works, particularly yeoman hey reservoir near Dovestones.

The Manchester Guardian Friday 24 January 1879, Page 8  THE DISTRESS: ASHTON-UNDER-LYNE

AUL Board of Guardians provided relief to outdoor labourers / Navies in Audenshaw working on the water works contract.
The MP for the area reckons they come from outside of the area in order to take advantage of the situation. The Distress may
relate to an economic downturn or difficulties caused by the frosty weather.

The Manchester Guardian Wednesday 29 January 1879, Page 6  THE DISTRESS: MANCHESTER AND SALFORD

The Waterworks contractor at Gorton and Denton, Benton and Woodiwiss relieved 1300 out of work men in one day last week.

The Manchester Guardian Friday 31 January 1879, Page 8  THE MANCHESTER CORPORATION AND THE NAVVIES AT AUDENSHAW

AUL Board of Guardians still supplying relief - 2200 in one week and is double this time last year. Some confusion exist as to whether workers were getting feed by the contractor & Manchester Corporation, with some navies needing 18 months employment to qualify. Mr Muir named as Manager of the contractors. Frost appears to be reason for these out of work labourers.

The Manchester Guardian Monday 03 February 1879, Page 5  THE MANCHESTER CORPORATION WATERWORKS

Committee annual report preview. New reservoirs referred to as the Denton extension with road works contract awarded to W and J Worthington, currently valued at £19,285 and 6s. The 1 year old Benton and Woodiwiss reservoir contract is in progress including earthworks, embankment and brickwork.£128,741 out of the total £276,204 16s 6d contract built upto December.
Benton and Woodiwiss have also been given the contract to complete the culvert/aqueduct around Gorton reservoir for drainage into Gore Brook. Also included in its contract is pitching of upper Gorton reservoir (stone work up the reservoir bank) All work was stopped for 5 weeks since early December due to severe weather.

The Manchester Guardian Thursday 03 February 1881, Page 6  THE MANCHESTER WATER SUPPLY

Annual return on water consumption. Since 1879, daily consumption has risen from about 17 to 18 million gallons. Maximum supply
is currently 25 million gallons and the Audenshaw reservoirs for storage are still under construction  Demand will make Longdendale out of capacity soon so the Thirlmere scheme will be needed, authorised by parliament.

The Manchester Guardian Saturday 23 July 1881, Page 11  Sales by auction

Sale of contractors plant by Arthur T Cron on behalf of Messrs Benton and Woodiwiss on Monday July 25th at Gorton waterworks, Audenshaw, Manchester midway between Gorton stations on Manchester, Sheffield & Lincolnshire railway.

The Manchester Guardian Thursday 10 November 1881, Page 7  THE WATER SUPPLY.

The 3 Audenshaw reservoirs are now complete and awaiting connection.

The Manchester Guardian Saturday 7 January 1882, Page 7 (supplement)  MANCHESTER CITY COUNCIL - THE WATERWORKS

Cost of Audenshaw and Denton reservoirs under The act of 1875 is £654,296 revealed during monthly council meeting with Longdendale now sinking £2,336,547.

The Manchester Guardian Thursday 6 April 1882, Page 6, col3  MANCHESTER CITY COUNCIL

The monthly council town hall meeting debates whether to progress the Thirlmere scheme or wait till Audenshaw / Denton reservoirs
are complete. Industry demand all over Lancashire means cotton mills are being built everywhere requiring water, competing with Manchester.
Capital, labour and material have never been so cheap and is the ideal time to build. Thirlmere permission was granted in 1879 and £268,153 had been spent upto 1881, £400,000 by end of 1882.
Powers in act will expire in 1886. (It appears due to physical geology), the watershed is at the north end of Thirlmere so a 5½  mile underground pipe is needed to bring it to the south end costing £140,000 to bore 3 tunnels over 7 years. Torside reservoir contains 1.4 billion gallons of water,1/3rd of the total capacity. It appears the waterworks committee is reluctant to publish financial details including payment of wayleaves and land purchases.

The Manchester Weekly times and Examiner Saturday 16 December 1882, Page 6  ACTION AGAINST THE CONTRACTORS

Audenshaw reservoir contractors Benton and Woodiwiss loose county court case at Ashton on Thursday brought by local
farmers including principle plaintiff Alfred Stelfox. The company claimed that the Council were liable under the act and that
the farmers had damaged the private road.
(note records show an Alfred Stelfox lives at Saxon Farm, which is at the end of Stelfox lane, next to guide bridge).

The Stalybridge Reporter Saturday 12 May 1883, Page 5, col5 MANCHESTER WATERWORKS.

Manchester water works committee turned on 36" water main from one of the Audenshaw reservoirs on Thursday which a few weeks ago had begun filling.

The Manchester Guardian Thursday 7 February 1884, Page 7  THE POLICY OF THE WATERWORKS COMMITTEE

Audenshaw works practically finished and water from Thirlmere not yet required.

The Manchester Courier Thursday 7 February 1884, Page 3, col5  MANCHESTER CITY COUNCIL

In relation to the waterworks committee, one of Audenshaw reservoirs commences operation (use) in June 1883. The article also covers revenue and interest payments for waterworks construction loans.

The Manchester Evening News Saturday 21 June 1884, Page 2, col4 CORRESPONDENCE - THE WATER SUPPLY

Letter from chair of the waterworks committee Henry Patterson responding to complaints about the smell of the water supplied to parts of the city. The corporation stopped using Gorton reservoirs in summer 1883 due to issues and now supplies lower districts from Audenshaw no.2 reservoir recently completed. No complaints since.

The Manchester Courier Saturday 27 September 1884, Page 3, col5 BREWSTERS SESSIONS ASHTON COUNTY

Plans for 80 year old Bulls head pub (now memorial gardens, between Blue pig and Hanging gate) near waterworks to be demolished. Audenshaw's population is 6,000. Manchester corporation pulled down 133 houses and a clay works to build the reservoirs over 4 square miles, displacing 660 people in Audenshaw village.

The Manchester Courier Tuesday 7 October 1884, Page 8, col6  THE MANCHESTER WATER SUPPLY

Report to the waterworks committee by city analyst into the fishy smell of the corporations water. Gorton, Audenshaw and Denton reservoirs are at a lower level than Godley but have a higher temperature which encourages pond snails in the summer months. The proposed solution is to stock the storage reservoirs with predatory fish Char and Trout.

The Manchester Courier Thursday 30 October 1884, Page 8, col5  THE WATER SUPPLY

Coverage of the waterworks committee meeting during Wednesday at the town hall monthly session (Chair Alderman Patterson). 2 of Audenshaw reservoirs are in use for supply with consumption double what is was in drought year 1868. Council has applied to purchase wayleaves for the Thirlmere scheme which is some 10 years off.

The Manchester Courier Saturday 15 November 1884, Page 3, col7  CORRESPONDENCE

Letter to the editor states pumping from a well in Audenshaw yielding 800,000 gallons per day into Gorton reservoir ceased a few years ago and didn't have a fishy smell. The writer Matthew Hilton says an inexhaustible supply of subterranean red sandstone water exists with Audenshaw works costing over £100,000 and implies these capital projects enable corruption.

The Manchester Guardian Saturday 29 November 1884, Page 9, col4  THE WATER SUPPLY

Letter from Matthew Hilton to the editor about the demolished Audenshaw ground water well and pump. He says Audenshaw reservoirs annual running cost is £6,000. He implies water quality is diminished by soot contamination, storing it open close to the city.

The Manchester Courier Wednesday 3 December 1884, Page 2, col7  CORRESPONDENCE - MANCHESTER WATER

Letter from John Grave (former Manchester water works committee chair) about previous correspondent, council member Matthew Hilton. The water pumping station worked regularly from 1847 to 1851 and was actually in Gorton, not Audenshaw with yields progressively decreasing from 1.5m to 750,000 gallons per day. He denies Audenshaw reservoirs cost £6,000 to run.

The Manchester Evening News Wednesday 7 January 1885, Page 2, col 4  BURSTING OF A WATER MAIN AT GORTON

24" water main from Audenshaw reservoir burst just after 11pm On Hyde road outside Belle Vue Gardens, taking over an hour for waterment to stop.

The Manchester Courier Thursday 8 January 1885, Page 6, col4  MANCHESTER CITY COUNCIL

Coverage of the monthly council meeting. Waterworks Committee have voted to appoint Mr G W Hill has engineer. Current system capacity is 6bn gallons and unforeseen capacity reduction has occurred due to build up of silt - upto 8ft in some reservoirs. There was a 7 month drought March - October 1884 so the council discussed work implementing the full Thirlmere scheme which is now needed and would cost 2m over 7 years.
Costs of construction from capital estimated to double every 18 years so wondered if a cheaper solution would be to extend from Derwent water 6 miles away into Woodhead proposed by engineer Mr Crook for 580,000 adding 9m gallons per day.

The Manchester Courier Tuesday 1 December 1885, Page 3, col 5  CORRESPODNANCE - THIRLMERE.

Letter to the newspaper's editor from M Samelson MD about council waterworks spend and (noted in previous paper articles) loss of about 2.9bn gallons (about 1/3rd annual consumption) of water PA.

The Manchester Courier Thursday 3 December 1885, Page 8, col 5  MANCHESTER CITY COUNCIL - THE THIRLMERE SCHEME

Wednesdays council meeting hears that Messers Thos. Vernon and co London have submitted tender for 5 year build of 3 Thirlmere tunnels to the waterworks committee. A drought this year but Audenshaw reservoir was full. Councillors question the need for Thirlmere despite constant requests for new mains installations.

The Manchester Courier Friday 29 January 1886, Page 6, col 5  MANCHESTER CORPORATION WATERWORKS

The newspaper covers the waterworks committee annual report to be presented at next Wednesdays council meeting which has various income and expenditure figures. Audenshaw reservoirs now complete and in operation with Benton and Woodiwiss paid 335,233 for this work. Contract for 3 Thrilmere tunnels through hills goes to Messers Thomas Vernon &co valued at 125,531. 51,000 tones of cast iron pipes to be used over 45 miles from Messers Macfarlane, Strang & co + Staveley coal and Iron co. for 233,193.

The Manchester Courier Thursday 29 July 1886, Page 8, col4  THE MANCHESTER WATERWORKS.

Manchester council members visit Longdendale valley waterworks which sits in Cheshire and Derbyshire, 18 miles from Manchester. Running since 1851, its estimated to supply 25m gallons per day and is mostly composed of spring water. Currently 16 reservoirs in the system all listed with acreage (not capacity). New embankment was built for the Woodhead reservoir due to leaks caused by geology.

The Manchester Guardian Thursday 29 July 1886, Page 5, col7  THE MANCHESTER WATERWORKS.

Coverage of the  Waterworks committee visit to Longdendale waterworks, conveyed on MS&LR special train to Woodhead station. Total cumulative reservoir capacity is 5.9 billion gallons of water. The council also breeds char and trout to stock the reservoirs, reducing animal and vegetative matter.

Leigh Chronicle and Weekly District Advertiser Friday 30 July 1886, Page 5, col 4  THE MANCHESTER WATERWORKS.

Same coverage as The Guardian previous day. Invited to the visit was Chairman of Tyldesley board. Longdendale drainage area is about 19,300 statute acres / 30sq miles. Total money spent to date on the works is 3,127,595.

Denton and Haughton Examiner Saturday 15 January 1887, Page 5, col 1  THE BULL'S HEAD LICENSE

Manchester Corporation acquired the Bulls head in 1881 from Mrs Lees of Southport The last land lord who left on 10th October 1885 was Richard Spencer who paid 234 for fixtures, fittings & goodwill with the Corporation pulling it down that year. The previous tenant before that John Stanley. The new road (Corporation road) was built by Manchester Corporation.

Derbyshire Courier Saturday 18 June 1887, Page 6, col 7  DEATH OF MR GEORGE BENTON

at Stretford. Former partner from 1861 in the construction firm Benton and Woodiwiss with the late Abraham Woodiwiss. The company built various railways and the Marple viaduct with last undertaking being Audenshaw reservoirs 1877 - 1884. 4 November 1825 - 17 June 1887.

The Manchester Courier Monday 05 September 1887, Page 6, col3  EXCURSIONS VISIT TO THE WATERWORKS IN LONGDENDALE

About 100 people took an MS&LR special train from London road Manchester with the council to Crowden, taking 30 minutes. Included visit to fishery at Hollingworth for stocking Audenshaw service reservoirs to aid purity. Train back from Hadfield took just over 20 minutes.

The Manchester Courier Thursday 04 October 1894, Page 6, col7  WATERWORKS COMMITTEE.

The corporation continues to have difficulties with water quality and fishy smell, now blamed on fish stocked in the reservoirs, revelled
at yesterdays meeting . The Problem appears intermittently in some areas of the city and not others with water in Gorton reservoir getting 1 complaint and Audenshaw getting 49. Alderman Clay confirms that the open sewer running round Gorton reservoir has been replaced by a brick culvert.

The Manchester Guardian Saturday 26 June 1895, Page 4  THE QUALITY OF MANCHESTER WATER.

Report from Owens College (Manchester uni) commissioned by water works committee in October. One of Audnshaw's reservoirs was suspected or being stocked with suspect water (probably flood water rather than spring water). The chemical and biological test results show the water to be satisfactory. The organic mater found is said to cause unpleasant taste and smell when multiplying rapidly, probably caused by not renewing the water.

The Manchester Guardian Tuesday 26 April 1898, Page 5  THE MANCHESTER WATER SUPPLY

1¼ mile out of 4¼ of 30" main has been laid from Godley to Audenshaw reservoirs under the 1897 Manchester corporation act.
Thirlmere currently supplying 7½ million out of 10 million gallons of water per day.

The Manchester Courier Monday 05 October 1903, Page 6, col6  MANCHESTER WATERWORKS.

Report to the committee says  a 2nd line of pipes is under construction from Thirlmere which is capable of supplying 50m gallons per day. It recommends building a reservoir NW of Heaton park for this water which is 96 miles away. Additional reservoirs may be needed at Denton and Audenshaw.

The Manchester Evening News Wednesday 27 July 1904, Page 2 WATER MAIN BURST AT AUDENSHAW.

Godley main burst on Audenshaw Road near reservoir junction of 30/36" main,  resulted in water supply issues in Newton Heath, Prestwich etc.

The Manchester Courier Friday 29 July 1904, Page 9, col4  MANCHESTER WATER SUPPLY.

Estimated daily water consumption is 36m gallon. 2nd Thirlmere pipe should come into service in the next 3 months. Higher parts of the city are supplied from directly Godley which contains peaty Longdendale water due to lower reservoir levels in summer and does
not have this problem with steady rainfall and higher reservoir levels. Longdendale currently supplies 23m gallons daily to the system.

The Manchester Evening News Wednesday 03 August 1904, Page 6, col4 WATER SUPPLY.

Sir John Harwood, committee chair says Audenshaw reservoir holding 330m gallons of water is sinking due to subsidence caused by coal workings. This is evident from cracks in walls and this could affect operation of water plant including valves. Counsel was being consulted, presumably to obtain injunctive relief (BGS maps show underground workings from 1902 to 1909 in the location of reservoir no.1).

The Manchester Guardian  Monday 30 October 1905, Page 11, col7

Brief coverage of Saturdays Chancery division court session which mentions Mayor & c. of Manchester v. New Moss Colliery company (coal mine near Ashton Moss in Rycroft)  fixed to November 21 as the date of hearing by judge Mr Justice Farwell.

The Manchester Guardian  Saturday 18 November 1905, Page 10, col6  MANCHESTER CORPORATION AND THE NEW MOSS COLLIERY CO.

Manchester Council successfully applies in the Chancery division to have case heard against New Moss Colliery company next Tuesday.

The Manchester Evening News Wednesday 22 November 1905, Page 5, col3 THE CORPORATION RESERVOIRS.

Resumed court hearing in Manchester Corp v. New Moss Colliery company yesterday regarding damage to Audenshaw, Denton and Gorton reservoirs and waterworks. Audenshaw reservoirs 1-3 cover 251 acres and have capacities of 528m, 371m and 542m gallons The miner gave notice in May 1900 that they intend mining under the works. Since then, the corporation noticed embankment wall subsidence of upto 2 feet. This subsidence was blamed for the Manchester water famine in 1903.

The Manchester Guardian Thursday 23 November 1905, Page 3,col4  MANCHESTER WATERWORKS CASE.

New Moss Colliery company also have a counter-claim under the Waterworks clauses act of 1847 Engineer for the corporation Mr G H Hill says that during reservoir constructions between 1881 and 1884, weak materials caused trouble.
Page 6,col1: Subsidence at Audenshaw blamed for putting the city on short measures for 7 weeks in 1903.

The Manchester Courier Thursday 23 November 1905, Page 10, col3  AUDENSHAW SUBSIDENCE.

In the court case, Manchester council engineer says construction of the reservoir embankment was troubled by the richness of the soil. Storage had to be reduced by 330m gallons to stop the walls splitting.

The Manchester Courier Friday 24 November 1905, Page 8, col4  AUDENSHAW RESERVOIRS.

Coverage of yesterdays court case by the waterworks - the supervisor Mr Taylor says since 1896, the reservoir keepers house had sunk 11 inches. The reservoir keeper Mr Bennett says he placed a mark on one of the reservoirs in 1883 which had sunk five inches.

The Manchester Evening News Tuesday  28 November 1905, Page 5, col3 THE CORPORATION RESERVOIRS.

In court today, counsel. for New Moss Colliery says they should be compensated for not working minerals they are legally
entitled to mine under the waterworks.

The Manchester Courier Wednesday 29 November 1905, Page 2, col4  AUDENSHAW RESERVOIRS.

Same court coverage as MEN yesterday, mentioning waterworks clauses act 1847 works similarly to Railway clauses act 1845.

The Manchester Courier Thursday 30 November 1905, Page 10, col4  AUDENSHAW RESERVOIRS.

Coverage of yesterdays continuing court case. Mr Higson, Managed Dukinfield company for 24 years said underground subsidence
occurred about 2 years before it appeared on the surface. It takes 8-9 years for surface subsidence to appear. New Moss works
the Great and Roger mines under the reservoir. Lord Stamford (land owner) would stand to loose £300,000 if coal mining ceased.

The Manchester Courier Friday 1 December 1905, Page 10, col5  AUDENSHAW RESERVOIRS.

Court case is now coming to an end on Thursday with New Moss looking for compensation if an injunction is granted.

The Manchester Courier Wednesday 6 December 1905, Page 10, col3  AUDENSHAW RESERVOIRS.

KC for Corporation Mr Jenkins yesterday makes a 7 hour closing speech in conclusion of the New Moss court action lasting nearly 8 days, judgement reserved.

The Manchester Evening News Tuesday  12 December  1905, Page 6, col4  THE RESERVOIRS SUBSIDENCE.

Judgement given today against the Corporation of Manchester who the judge said had not compensated New Moss Colliery co ltd.
The value of coal in the affected area is £1 million. Mr Jenkins KC indicated the Corporation will appeal.

The Manchester Evening News Wednesday 27 June 1906, Page 6, col4  MANCHESTER WATER.

Coverage of a Corporation water committee report. Longdendale has been providing water since 1851 with Arnfield and Hollingworth reservoirs made from existing Brooks. 2 more reservoirs could be constructed at Audenshaw on land the Corporation owns mineral rights and the other with partial ownership.
Manchester Water consumption in 1905 was about 35m gallons per day. The Longdendale works cannot be economically expanded so Thirlmere will become the dominant source with 3rd pipe ready in about 1910.

The Manchester Evening News Monday 30 July 1906, Page 4, col4  THE AUDENSHAW RESERVOIRS.

Court of appeal hearing started by Manchester Corporation against New Moss. Summary of original judgement is that the
Corporations action failed due to the Waterworks Clauses act. New counsel for the Corporation Sir Robert Finlay KC says the
reservoir land was purchased from Mr Taylor (note the boundary of reservoir no.1 and no.3 follows roughly the northern extents
of Taylor lane at Red Hall on map below).

The Manchester Courier Tuesday 31 July 1906, Page 10, col5  AUDENSHAW RESERVOIRS.

Coverage of yesterdays court case as above, counsel for the respondent Mr Upjohn KC yet to conclude his arguments.

The Manchester Courier Wednesday 1 August 1906, Page 9, col4  AUDENSHAW RESERVOIRS.

In yesterdays appeal court hearing, counsel for respondent cited a number of previous cases supporting the original judgement in favour of New Moss Colliery.

The Manchester Guardian Thursday 2 August 1906, Page 7, col6

Judgement reserved in Manchester Corporation appeal hearing on Wednesday.

The Manchester Evening News Wednesday 8 August 1906, Page 1, col1  AUDENSHAW SUBSIDENCES.

Lord Justice Cozens Hardy announces verdict today in the Manchester Corporation appeal over New Moss colliery on behalf of the 3 justices. They are granted an injunction which prevents mineral mining under the reservoir however this does not prevent New Moss from making a counter claim.

The Manchester Courier  Thursday  9 August 1906, Page 8, col5  AUDENSHAW RESERVOIR.

Article covers yesterdays appeal court verdict. Corporation waterworks sits on land bought from Mr Taylor and the Earl of Stamford in 1875. The Moss Colliery company leased mineral rights.

The Manchester Guardian Friday 10 August 1906, Page 4, col4  MANCHESTER WATER QUESTIONS. A LAWSUIT AND ITS EFFECTS.

Chair of the Manchester waterworks committee said yesterday that court victory will prevent interruption of water supply.

The Manchester Evening News Tuesday 11 December 1906, Page 3, col3  THE AUDENSHAW SUBSIDENCE.

Court of appeal today hears an application made by Corporation as parties cannot decide on schedules of effectively a consent order Court decides in favour of the Corporation, overriding New Moss colliery.

The Manchester Courier  Thursday  20 June 1907, Page 9, col3  MANCHESTER WATER SUPPLY.

Manchester city and Salford council members visit Thirlmere by train from Exchange station to Windermere on Wednesday. Article
covers a brief history of water supply, civil engineering at Thirlmere, increase in consumption and revenue over the decades, etc.
Originally, the council took control of the water supply from the Manchester and Salford waterworks company in 1844 which
supplied 3 million gallons per day by Gorton reservoir which filled from rainwater run-off, in addition to Stockport canal, a well plus
the river Medlock at Holt town. It was decided in 1876 to use Thirlmere to supplement supply after a combined scheme with Liverpool using Ullswater and Haweswater fell through. In 1906, daily consumption was 37 million gallons per day to the population of 1.2 million (see clipping).

The Manchester Courier  Saturday  01 February 1908, Page 3, col6  MANCHESTER WATERWORKS.

New Moss colliery appealed to house of Lords Friday. Manchester corporation has mineral rights to land bought from Mr Taylor but not those bought from the Earl of Stamford and Warrington. Appellants argument is around section 18-27 of the 1847 Waterworks clauses act who gave notice under section 22 in April 1899 and July 1903. Coal reserves beneath the reservoir worth £1 million. Mining area of safety appears to be 40 yards allowing it to work upto that value near the boundary.

The Manchester Guardian Friday 07 February 1908, Page 12, col2  MINING AND LAND RIGHTS.

House of lords appeal by New Moss continued yesterday. Value of coal beneath the reservoir is questionable due to unworkable depth. Its maintained by the appellant that the area of Audenshaw is Moorland but in fact its is populated and worth £800 per ache. It appears New Moss coal workings neared the reservoir in April 1899.

The Manchester Courier  Friday 07 February 1908, Page 7, col4  WATERWORKS AND COLLIERIES.

Same as Guardian of the this day.

The Manchester Evening News Friday 28 February 1908, Page 3, col5  AUDENSHAW RESERVOIRS.

New Moss colliery appeal dismissed by Law Lords with costs. The Lord Chancellor disregards acts of parliament which give the colliery rights to the minerals.
.
The Manchester Evening News Saturday 29 February 1908, Page 5, col4 AUDENSHAW'S RESERVOIR.

Coverage of the injunction granted by Law lords in the house of Lords on Friday with damages against New Moss colliery. The corporation purchased two plots of land, one from Lord Stamford maintaining rights to minerals and the other from Mr Taylor gaining surface and underground rights. Lord Chancellor says New Moss has no right in causing subsidence despite limits in the act of parliament.

The Manchester Guardian Tuesday 28 April 1908, Page 3, col7 MANCHESTER WATERWORKS.

In the Waterworks committee accounts for the year, water rates & and rentals revenue to March 31st was £79,000 & £279,000 respectively. Average water consumption about 38m gallons per day. Plans for a new parliamentary bill to address flooding in Longdendale. 3rd line of pipes from Thirlmere underway including route from Little Houlton to Denton. Messrs James Byrom won the contract to construct Heaton Park Reservoir on August 13th.
Stanton Ironworks company ltd to supply cast iron pipes and ironwork. The corporation also supplied 237m gallons of hydraulic power in 1907-08 to run machinery.

The Manchester Evening News Tuesday 16 February 1909, Page 5, col2  AUDENSHAW RESERVOIR SUBSIDENCE.

London court inquiry in the New Moss collier

The Manchester Evening News Wednesday 17 February 1909, Page 4, col3  AUDENSHAW RESERVOIR SUBSIDENCE.

Resumed official referees court inquiry today, referee Mr Pollock hears that the Roger coal seam runs under the reservoir being 3ft thick.

The Manchester Courier  Wednesday 17 February 1909, Page 10, col2  SUBSIDENCE UNDER RESERVOIR .

Same as Manchester evening news yesterday.

The Manchester Evening News Friday 19 February 1909, Page 4, col7  AUDENSHAW RESERVOIR SUBSIDENCE.

Manchester corporation suddenly decide to settle for £17,500 in court inquiry case. These are to be paid in a 1/3rd in instalments every 6 months with 2.5% penalty on default by New Moss colliery.

The Manchester Guardian Friday 25 February 1910, Page 14, col5 AUDENSHAW RESERVOIR AND THE COLLIERY.

Manchester Corporation agree to purchase coal rights to stop mining under reservoir no.1 Lord Stamford and New Moss get £35,000. Netted off against other debt, the Corporation owes £17,333 to end the litigation.

The Manchester Courier  Friday 25 February 1910, Page 10, col4  AUDENSHAW RESERVOIRS .

Waterworks committee reports 5 year litigation ended against New Moss. Injunction did not prevent the coal miner working underneath part of no.1 reservoir. Legal costs were £6000.

The Manchester Guardian Saturday  26 February 1910, Page 4  THIRLMERE AQUEDUCT.

Classified advert by Manchester Corporation. Tender for 3rd line of pipes - Contract C, southern section from 3/4 of a mile NW from
Lostock junction railway station on L&Y railway to Audenshaw reservoir. Nearly 23 miles of cast iron and steel pipes of 44" and 40" diameter. Documents cost 5 guineses and the tender submission deadline is 29th March.

The Manchester Guardian Friday 22 April 1910, Page 10, col1  MANCHESTER WATERWORKS

Coverage of yesterdays committee meeting. Average daily water consumption is 41m gallons, 18m on average from Thirlmere. Audenshaw reservoirs have to be kept low due to mining subsidence. Work continues on 3rd line of pipes from Thirlmere including 100 acres of forest trees this season on the watershed. Also work on Heaton park storage reservoir contract. Demand for Hydraulic power continues to increase.

The Manchester Courier  Wednesday 12 April 1912, Page 11, col2  CITY WATER SUPPLY

Annual report of waterworks committee released on Tuesday. Longdendale and Thirlmere supply 22 and 18 out of the 40 million average water consumption of Manchester per day. The third line of pipes from Thirlmere has the following contracts  of 40" & 44" pipes over 54 miles from South of Ambleside to SE of Carnforth by Messers Morrison & Mason Ltd. From SE of Carnforth to Horwich by Mr John Moffat. From near Lostock junction (L&Y Railways) to Audenshaw reservoirs by Messrs E. Nuttall & Co. Subway under Manchester ship canal Messrs Kinnear, Moodie & Co. Water rates remain at nine pence for domestic purposes.

The Manchester Guardian Wednesday  4 February 1914, Page 16, col4  MANCHESTER WATER.

Complaints from south of Manchester inc Chortlon & Stretford about the dirty water quality for several months. The secretary of the waterworks dept blames it on leaving Audenshaw reservoir at a very low level in Autumn combined with heavy rainfall in November carrying silt off the hillsides which discolours the water. In a few months time, the 3rd line of pipes from Thirlmere will be ready (which will improve matters).

The Manchester Guardian Tuesday  3 March 1914, Page 11, col6  MANCHESTER WATER.

Continual dissatisfaction over the water supply in the south which is still brown in colour despite some time passing. Water from Thirlmere does not suffer discolration. Its suggested by Arthur Clarke that mechanical filters are needed, which the corporation does
not use at any waterworks. Audenshaw reservoir area, depths & capacities are No.1: 80 acres/528m gallons/27ft 6". No 2 69 acres/371m gallons/22ft 6". No.3 102 acres/542mn gallons//22ft 6.

The Manchester Evening News Wednesday  17 June 1914, Page 4, col4  THIRLMERE WATER.

Council members inspect Thirlmere. Started supply in 1894. 5 pipes supply 50m gallons to Manchester per day each 10m gallons currently 2 to Prestwich and 1 practically complete to Audenshaw, costing £4.7m to date.

The Manchester Guardian Monday  30 June 1919, Page 8, col2  ASHTON MINE DIFFICULTY

Owners of AUL New Moss Colliery meet Coal control board in London trying to get the millions of tons of coal in pit no.1 under Audenshaw reservoir worked. It is capable of a daily yield of 10,000 tons for 20 years.

The Manchester Guardian Monday  07 July 1919, Page 12, col2  MANCHESTER CORPORATION AND AUDENSHAW COLLIERY.

Manchester council is considering proposal by MD of New Moss Colliery, Mr H.S. Higginbottom to work coal under Audenshaw reservoir by using modern electrical 'stowing' to reduce subsidence. New Moss has reserves of 70 millions tons, 15m under the reservoir and this scheme will create 1000 jobs. Otherwise, 450 jobs will be lost.

Birmingham Gazette Wednesday 16 July 1919, Page 5, col3  MINE CLOSED DOWN..

On Tuesday, New Moss Colliery closed down pit no.1 as government won't take responsibility for subsidence under Audenshaw
reservoir  No adoption of electrical packing or stowing as yet and double shifts at no.2 pit to be worked in order to re-deploy the men & boys.

The Manchester Evening News Tuesday  23 September 1919, Page 5, col2  NEW MOSS COLLIERY.

7 day notice for 440 miners to cease work now today begin day to day contracts until the government intervenes in the reservoir working issue.

Huddersfield Daily Examiner Tuesday  23 September 1919, Page 4, col4  MANCHESTER RESERVOIRS.

400 miners at New Moss pit 2 told to stop working last night due to danger of subsidence under Audenshaw reservoirs.

The Manchester Evening News Tuesday  23 September 1919, Page 5, col2  NEW MOSS COLLIERY.

7 day notice for 440 miners to now cease work today begin day to day contracts until the government intervenes in the reservoir working issue.

The Evening Standard Tuesday  23 September 1919, Page 10, col2  RICH COAL SEAM ABANDONED.

400 miners at New Moss pit 2 given notice to stop working with 15 million tons of coal abandoned.

The Manchester Guardian Wednesday  27 September 1933, Page 11  BAN ON THIRLMERE CATERING

Mayor of Manchester Alderman Walker wants to ban Walkers round Thirlmere as they pollute the streams with rubbish. Also, bathing is banned in the lake.

The Manchester Guardian Thursday  28 September 1933, Page 11  FUTURE OF HAWESWATER SCHEME

The paper thinks Manchester corporation will recommence the £10 million water supply project abandoned in 1931. It was devised in 1925 at an estimated cost o f5 million to take 1 line of pipes to Audenshaw supplying up to 20m gallons per day.

The Manchester Guardian Thursday  03 October 1945, Page 6 MANCHESTER MUST SAVE WATER

Manchester waterworks engineer Mr A Atkinson tells a press conference that stocks in Audenshaw reservoir are low with possible stoppages, not taken since 1911. It may be 7 years till 100 mile Haweswater aqueduct is finished. Current consumption is 75m gallons per day with 48m gallons from Thirlmere and 27m gallons from Longdendale. Residents are told to use 4 gallons per day rather than 5 till Christmas.

The Manchester Guardian Wednesday  29 October 1947, Page 3  MANCHESTER' WATER GAMBLE EXPLAINED.

Engineer Mr A Atkinson tells the Waterworks committee that the corporation being prevented from finishing the Haweswater aqueduct is the reason for water being in short supply. The Storage capacity of Audenshaw and Longdendale is 6 billion gallons. One inch of rainfall in this catchment equates to about 200m gallons of water and 19 inches of rain normally falls in a autumn & winter.

The Manchester Evening News Tuesday  08 June 1954, Page 1

First of four 47" pipes being laid through Heaton park to Audenshaw reservoir as part of the £16m Haweswater aqueduct scheme.

The Manchester Evening News Tuesday  15 February 1955, Page 3

Complaints from houses on Stamford Road Audenshaw as Manchester corporation waterworks play bird screams to scare away seagulls on the reservoirs.

The Manchester Guardian Wednesday  21 June 1955, Page 7-10  FROM HAWESWATER TO MANCHESTER: GLIMPSES OF THE PIPELINE

Commemorative and therefore historical edition on Haweswater inauguration day, including 100 year of Manchester water and articles by waterworks engineer and deputy  Alan Atkinson and G. E. Taylor on the aqueduct. Includes advertisements by suppliers and contractors such as Earth and general contracts ltd, Edmund Nuttall, sons & co ltd, , Crossley, Harry Fairclough bridge contractor, John Mowlem & co ltd pipes with Centriline process (centrifugal coating), Harry Wimpenny & son ltd concrete bridges, Henry Ibbotson & son flow control building contractor, Capco ltd cement & Concrete, Robt. L. Priestley ltd, Skinning grove iron co ltd, Ribblesdale cement ltd, ICI,  The Cementation co ltd Doncaster. Although the aqueducts work off gravity, siphons are used to get water accross valleys. Tunnels have 8ft 6in diameter capable of 100m gallons per day. Bridges were used to cross rivers after protest from CPRE. Automatic leak detecting values fitted every 2-3 miles.
Manchester supplies 88m gallons per day and includes 30 water authorities to a population of about 1.27m. Manchester Corporation Act 1954 says compensation water to the river Etherow is now 10m gallons per day. City council authorised a 3rd line of pipes from Haweswater in January estimated cost of 4.5m. Extension of the 73 mile aqueduct underway from Heaton park to Audenshaw making it 82 miles.

The Manchester Evening News Tuesday  20 September 1955, Page 7

Manchester corporation dump chemicals in Audenshaw reservoir to get rid of water fleas appearing in tap water in Gorton.

The Manchester Guardian Tuesday  17 September  1955, Page 14, col4 AUDENSHAW SIPHON ANSWER TO DRYEST SUMMER?

Inauguration of the Audenshaw siphon which is the end of the last 9 mile 48" steel portion of Haweswater pipeline from Heaton park into no.1 reservoir. Costing £900k and taking 3 years to build, it has 7 branches to supply North Manchester and has flexible joints for mining areas of Audenshaw and Moston and essentially replaces unreliable Longdendale. It crosses 2 rivers, 4 railway lines and beneath 2 canals.
Also coverage of experimental purification plant at Denton to remove sludge and dark appearance of water which dogs Longdendale supply.

The Manchester Guardian Saturday 02 September  1967, Page 3 ULLSWATER SCHEME WILL COST £2M more

Manchester corporation is essentially water supplier to a number of neighbouring local authorities. The scheme devised 3 years ago now costing £7.3 to draw 25 million gallons per day from Ullswater has gone up by 15% due to engineering and plant price increases and includes a 7ft diameter tunnel under Tarn moor. Approval is needed for a £500k pipeline between Moston and Audenshaw reservoir.
Water treatment plant is needed at Watchgate (presumably more peat/moorland derived water is being used).

The Manchester Evening News Friday 8 August 1980, Page 6

Plan for M66 Manchester outer ring road from Middleton via Daisy nook to M67 at Denton is to cross Audenshaw reservoir no.3. Changes in plans due to objections from residents in the Lumb Lane area of Audenshaw have caused a 2 year delay with public enquiry to be held in 1982.

Stockport Express Advertiser Thursday  13 April 1989, Page 8

Denton and Reddish MP Andrew Bennett applauded at 1985 NWWA plan to lay 20 mile pipeline from Fernilee reservoir (peak district) to Audenshaw reservoir via Goyt valley due to loss of capacity caused by motorway construction. DOT will provide £8m funding and will be at least 3ft underground.

The Advertiser Eccles/Salford Thursday  06 October 1994, Page 25  Happy Birthday Thirlmere!

100 years of Thirlmere reservoir and 96 mile aqueduct. City daily water demand in 1836 was 1.25m gallons rising to 17m in 1878.
The scheme was proposes by John Frederic Bateman in 1874 and cost £4m for upto 50m gallons per day from the 100" rainfall catchment of the 950 meter high Helvellyn. The corporation were accused in 1877 of using it as a money making scheme to sell water to neighbouring towns.
Currently North West water take about 29m gallons per day for the Manchester area including Salford supplied from Heaton park service reservoir and also supplying Audenshaw reservoirs.

The Manchester Evening News Saturday  08 October 1994, Page 32  To Thirlmere, with thanks for the water

Water from Thirlmere was inaugurated with a fountain in Albert Square, Manchester on 13th October 1894 which has travelled
from the lake district at 2 miles per hour. The aqueduct was mainly completed in 1894 and the reservoir is formed of 2 smaller lakes.
Costs were £3-4m and the original aqueduct terminated at Prestwich but extended to Audenshaw reservoir and links with Haweswater
aqueduct and Longdendale reservoirs in a ring main around Manchester. The article trails a walking route documented in the book The Thirlmere way by Tim Cappelli following the pipeline. The corporation planted a 1,900 acre coniferous forest including Christmas trees round Thirlmere to prevent soil erosion.

The Bolton News Tuesday  20 October 2009  Crucial work on aqueduct under the Reebok

Thirlmere aqueduct runs 10ft under Middlebrook Retail Park, Reebok Stadium & academy training pitches to Lostock treatment works, built in 1894.

  Last updated 19-November-2023